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Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India

Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India

 

A direct current machine is a rotating electrical machine that converts DC electrical energy into mechanical energy (DC motor) or converts mechanical energy into DC electrical energy (DC generator). Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India. It is a motor that converts DC power and mechanical energy to each other. When it is used as a motor, it is a DC motor that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy; when the generator is running, it is a DC generator that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

1 composition
The structure of the DC motor should consist of two parts: the stator and the rotor.Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India. The part of the DC motor that is stationary during operation is called the stator. The main function of the stator is to generate a magnetic field. It consists of a base, a main pole, a commutating pole, an end cover, a bearing and a brush device. The part that rotates during operation is called the rotor.Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India. Its main function is to generate electromagnetic torque and induced electromotive force. It is the hub of DC motor for energy conversion, so it is usually called armature. It is changed by the shaft, armature core, armature winding, and It consists of a transmitter and a fan.

Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India

stator

(1) main magnetic pole

The role of the main magnetic pole is to create an air gap magnetic field. The main magnetic pole is composed of a main magnetic pole core and a field windingManufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India.. The iron core is generally formed by laminating and crimping a silicon steel plate with a thickness of 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm, and is divided into two parts, a pole body and a pole piece. The part of the upper set of the field winding is called a pole body, and the part which is widened below is called a pole. The boots, the pole boots are wider than the pole, which can adjust the distribution of the magnetic field in the air gap and facilitate the fixing of the field winding.Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India. The field winding is wound with an insulated copper wire and is placed on the main pole core. The entire main magnetic pole is fixed to the base by screws.

(2) commutating pole

The function of the commutating pole is to improve the commutation and reduce the reversing spark that may be generated between the brush and the commutator during the running of the motor, generally between two adjacent main poles, by the commutating pole core and the commutation The pole winding is composed.Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India. The commutating pole winding is wound with an insulated wire and is placed on the commutating pole core, and the number of commutating poles is equal to the main magnetic pole.

Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India

(3) base

The outer casing of the motor stator is called the base. There are two functions for the base:

One is to fix the main magnetic pole, the commutating pole and the end cap, and to support and fix the whole motor;

Second, the base itself is also a part of the magnetic circuit, thereby forming a magnetic path between the magnetic poles, and a portion through which the magnetic flux passes is called a yoke.Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India. In order to ensure sufficient mechanical strength and good magnetic permeability of the machine base, it is generally made of steel or welded by steel plates.

(4) Brush device

The brush device is used to introduce or extract DC voltage and DC current. The brush device is composed of a brush, a brush holder, a brush rod and a brush holder. The brush is placed in the brush holder and pressed by the spring to make a good sliding contact between the brush and the commutator.Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India.  The brush holder is fixed on the brush rod, and the brush rod is mounted on the circular brush holder, and mutual Must be insulated between. The brush rod seat is mounted on the end cover or the inner cover of the bearing, and the circumferential position can be adjusted, and then fixed after being adjusted.

Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India

Rotor

(1) Armature core

The armature core is the main part of the main magnetic circuit and is used to embed the discharge pivot winding. Generally, the armature core is formed by laminating punches made of 0.5 mm thick silicon steel sheets to reduce eddy current loss and hysteresis loss generated in the armature core during motor operation. Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India. The stacked cores are fixed to the rotating shaft or the rotor bracket. The outer circumference of the core is provided with an armature slot, and the discharge pivot winding is embedded in the slot.

(2) armature winding

The role of the armature winding is to generate electromagnetic torque and induced electromotive force, which is a key component of the DC motor for energy conversion, so it is called the armature. It is made up of a number of coils (hereinafter referred to as components) connected according to a certain rule. The coil is wound with high-strength enameled wire or glass-coated flat copper wire. The coil sides of different coils are embedded in the armature slot in two layers, the coil and The insulation between the cores and between the upper and lower coil sides must be properly insulated. In order to prevent the centrifugal force from pulling out the edge of the coil, the notch is fixed by the wedge. The terminating portion of the coil extending beyond the slot is tied with a thermosetting, non-woven glass ribbon.

Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India

(3) commutator

In the DC motor, the commutator is equipped with a brush, which can convert the external DC power into an alternating current in the armature coil, so that the direction of the electromagnetic torque is constant; in the DC generator, the commutator is equipped with The brush can convert the alternating electromotive force induced in the armature coil into a direct current electromotive force drawn from the positive and negative brushes.Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India. The commutator is a cylinder composed of a plurality of commutator segments, and the commutator segments are insulated by mica plates.

(4) shaft

The rotating shaft plays a supporting role for the rotation of the rotor, and requires a certain mechanical strength and rigidity, and is generally processed by round steel.

2 main classification
DC generator

A direct current generator is a machine that converts mechanical energy into direct current electrical energy. It is mainly used as a DC motor for DC motors, electrolysis, electroplating, electrosmelting, charging, and excitation power of alternators. Although AC power is used to convert AC power to DC power where DC power is required, AC power supply cannot completely replace DC generators in terms of performance.

3 excitation mode

The excitation mode refers to the way in which the magnetic field is generated in the rotating electrical machine. The excitation mode of the DC motor is divided into four types:
Heli DC

The excitation winding has no connection relationship with the armature winding, and the DC motor that is powered by the other DC power supply is called the separately excited DC motor. The permanent magnet DC motor can also be regarded as the excitation or self-excited DC motor, which is generally called excitation. The way is permanent magnet.

DC

Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India

The excitation winding of the DC motor is connected in parallel with the armature winding. As the shunt generator, the terminal voltage from the motor itself supplies power to the field winding.Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India. As the shunt motor, the field winding and the armature share the same power source. In terms of performance, it is the same as the excitation DC motor.

Series excitation DC

After the field winding of the series-excited DC motor is connected in series with the armature winding, it is connected to the DC power supply. The excitation current of such a DC motor is the armature current.

Manufacturer of DC Geared Motors in India

Compound excitation DC

The compound-excited DC motor has two excitation windings, shunt and series excitation. If the magnetomotive force generated by the series winding is the same as the direction of the magnetomotive force generated by the shunt winding, it is called product recombination. If the two magnetomotive forces are opposite in direction, they are called differential complex excitation.

DC motors with different excitation methods have different characteristics. In general, the main excitation modes of DC motors are shunt-type, series-excitation and compound-excitation. The main excitation methods of DC generators are the over-excitation, shunt-excitation and compound-excitation modes.

With Best Regards,
 
Lee ( Sales Department; Miss. )         
NER GROUP CO.,LIMITED    
Yantai Bonway Manufacturer Co., Ltd                        
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